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Journal of the Society of Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgeons (JSLS) publishes original articles on basic science and technical topics in all the fields involved with laparoendoscopic surgery. The journal seeks to advance our understanding and practice of minimally invasive, image-guided surgery by providing a forum for all relevant disciplines and by promoting the exchange of information and ideas across specialties.
 JSLS is an online only, open access peer-reviewed journal indexed in PubMedCentral (PMC) that employs a rapid review process for all submitted manuscripts so that significant scientific findings appear with minimal delay. All case reports submitted to JSLS will be published in CRSLS, MIS Case Reports from SLS, an open access, online only, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing case reports. The case reports will have a unique DOI registered by CrossRef and citable at CrossRef.

JSLS uses CrossCheck powered by iThenticate Plagiarism Detection Software, a plagiarism screening service provided by ( that verifies the originality of all articles submitted before publication. iThenticate checks all manuscripts at the time of submission against millions of published research articles and billions of web content (



The publication goals of JSLS are to:

  1. maintain the highest degree of confidentiality in managing manuscripts;
  2. pursue timely publication of manuscripts with the resources available;
  3. provide strict, unbiased peer review; affirm that editorial decisions are based on the relevance of a manuscript to the journal, and its originality, quality, and contribution to evidence about important medical and surgical questions.1

JSLS editor initially reviews all submitted manuscripts. Those considered appropriate for publication are then sent to expert reviewers for peer review. JSLS uses a “blinded” review process. The identities of authors and peer reviewers are kept confidential. All materials accepted for publication are copyedited and returned to the author for approval of significant recommended editorial changes. The editor reserves the right to make minor changes for clarity and accuracy without seeking author approval.

JSLS is an online, scholarly publication. All articles have a unique Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which is registered with CrossRef.

Sample JSLS Citation: Afridi SA, Kazaryan AM, Marangos IP, RØsok BI, Fretland AA, Yaqub S, BjØrn E.  Laparoscopic surgery for solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas. JSLS 2014;18(2):236-242. DOI: 10.4293/108680813×13753907291837

Sample JSLS Citation for articles published after July 14, 2014: Xu AA, Zhu JF, Zhang D. Development of a measurement system for laparoendoscopic single-site surgery: reliability and repeatability of digital image correlation for measurement of surface deformations in SILS port. JSLS 2014;July-Sept 18(3):e2014.00267. DOI: 10.4293/JSLS.2014.00267.

JSLS has joined many other medical journals endorsing the ICJME (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) Recommendations (previously referred to as the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals), including the statements related to “Protection of Patients’ Rights to Privacy,” established by editors in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.1 JSLS also endorses the revised CONSORT statement,2 Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors,3 the Ethics Resource Center,4 the AMA Guidelines for web sites,5 and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) Publication Ethics Policies for Medical Journals.6

Papers are invited in the following categories:

  • Research Article
  • Case reports (to be published in CRSLS
  • Case Series*
  • Review Article
  • Letter to the editor
  • Reply to the Letter to the Editor
  • Erratum
  • Methodologies Article

The journal, at the discretion of the editor, will also publish:

  • Editorials
  • Commentaries
  • Articles concerning emerging technology
  • Information (news) and events

*Case Series are scientific reports with 3 or more cases examined. A Case Report is a report consisting of one or two cases that will be considered for publication in CRSLS.

In order to defray the cost of managing and publishing JSLS, there is a fee of $200 US for each article submitted to the journal. The fee is non-refundable and covers processing and peer-review. In addition, it includes immediate open access for published articles and unlimited pages and color figures. There is no charge for Letters to the Editor. No refunds will be given for rejected submissions or submissions accepted as Case Reports for publication in CRSLS only.

Please review the complete Guidelines for Authors before submitting. Manuscripts that do not adhere to the Guidelines may be rejected or returned to the author for correction before going through the review process. Authors must also follow the JSLS Ethical Policies and Procedures. Completion of the copyright transfer agreement is required in order to have your manuscript reviewed.

Submit articles for JSLS online at


  • Copyright transfer agreement signed by all authors
  • Authors’ contact information with corresponding author indicated.
  • Authorship Contribution Form signed by all authors and co-authors
  • Figures are 300 dpi image files.
  • Elements of the manuscript include:
    • Title Page
    • Author’s affiliations, Degrees, and Contact details
    • Acknowledgments
    • Statement of Disclosure
    • Abstract
    • Key Words
    • Text (including figure legends and tables if applicable)
    • References


  • All manuscripts must be typewritten in English with American spelling and submitted in an editable Microsoft Word OR rich text format document (PDFs and other document types are not acceptable.)
  • Authors whose primary language is not English should have their papers checked for linguistic accuracy by a person skilled in the English language and medical terminology.
  • For style, consult the American Medical Association Manual of Style7 and/or the ICJME Recommendations.1
  • Manuscripts may have unlimited pages and color figures.
  • Do not include a running header or footer.
  • Be concise and avoid medical jargon. Keep abbreviations and acronyms within the text to a minimum and spelled out, in parentheses, when first used.
  • Use Systéme International (SI) measurements only.
  • Use generic names for drugs.
  • Text should avoid sexual and racial bias and should use gender inclusive language when possible.
  • All persons listed as authors must meet the criteria for authorship outlined in the American Medical Association Manual of Style7 and/or ICMJE Recommendations.1

Authorship requires the following:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  • Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.1

All persons listed as authors must meet the criteria for authorship outlined in the American Medical Association Manual of Style7 and/or ICMJE Recommendations.1

Title Page
Please include the following:

  • Title with no more than 100 characters. Do not use abbreviations. Avoid acronyms.
  • Date on which the manuscript was submitted.
  • Word count for the text, exclusive of the title, abstract, references, tables, figures, and illustrations.

Authors’ Contact Information in Byline Order
Please include the following:

  • Full name(s) of author(s).
  • Highest academic degree(s) of author(s). Do not include US fellowship designations or honorary designations.
  • Affiliation(s). Include only the department, institution name, city, state, and country.
  • Address, e-mail address, telephone number, and fax number for all authors. Designate one author as the corresponding author

Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest and Sources of Financial Support  (Also see JSLS Ethical Policies and Procedures)

Authors must state any financial interest they have in any commercial device, equipment, instrument, or drug that is a subject of the article. Relevant financial support and any conflicts of interest must be disclosed by all authors and reviewers. If disclosures are to be made, the author(s) will be asked to fill out a Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form. Important: You will need to download, complete and save the COI Form and submit to the JSLS Editorial office at Authors must also disclose if the manuscript discussion includes the use of products for which they are not labeled (i.e., off-label use).

Acknowledge only those from whom permission to acknowledge has been obtained. For individuals, include their full names and highest academic degrees.

Structured Abstract and Key Words

The abstract should not exceed 250 words, and should not include abbreviations, acronyms, footnotes, or references.

Original research abstract sections:

  • Background and Objectives
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion [or Discussion]
  • Key Words (from the standard Index Medicus MeSH terminology)

Review article abstract sections:

  • Background
  • Database
  • Conclusion [or Discussion]
  • Key Words (from the standard Index Medicus MeSH terminology)

Research Articles

A research article is a detailed account of a scientific research activity written by the scientist(s) who performed the study. It is a primary resource. The basic elements of a research article are:

  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Discussion/Conclusions
  • References/Bibliography

Introduction: Typically, the Introduction should include a brief review of the relevant literature to establish the need for the project. The research objectives and hypotheses should be explicitly stated. The author(s) should address the following questions:

  • What issue is being addressed in the research?
  • Why is the issue important?
  • How will the field benefit from having addressed the issue?

Materials and Methods: The methods should be described in sufficient detail so readers can understand how the research was performed. For experimental investigation of human or animal subjects state in the “Methods” section that an appropriate institutional review board (IRB) approved the project. For those investigators who do not have formal ethics review committees, follow the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki8 and state so in the manuscript. For investigation of human subjects, state the manner in which informed consent was obtained.

Results: Results should be presented in a coherent fashion and should be specifically tied to the objectives and methods described earlier in the manuscript.

Discussion: The discussion section should:

  • Reiterate the principal findings of the research
  • Comment on any methodological weaknesses of the study
  • Discuss the importance and/or implications of the findings

Conclusion: The conclusion section should not contain any deductions or inferences that are not specifically supported by the data reported in the study, although reasonable speculations and implications for further research, when identified as such, may be appropriate.

Authors are responsible for bibliographic accuracy. References must be verified by the author against the original resources. Number the references in the order they are first mentioned. Cite, by Arabic number, all references in the text. Do not use reference software such as Endnote. Format references according to the AMA Manual of Style or the ICMJE Recommendations.1  Review articles may use up to 100 references. Use no more than 30 references for other articles. Improperly referenced manuscripts will be returned to the author for correction.

Abbreviate journal names as indicated in Index MedicusList all journal authors when there are 6 or fewer. For journal references with 7 or more authors, list the first 3 and add “et al.” For printed articles that are a part of larger works, include the first and last page number of the referenced article or chapter.

Manuscripts submitted, but not yet accepted for publication, can be noted as “unpublished data” in the text. However, do not include in the references any manuscripts that are in preparation, manuscripts submitted for publication but not yet accepted, or unpublished papers or observations. For articles in press, give the journal name and, if possible, the volume number and year followed by “in press.” For books in press, give the publishing company and, if possible, the year of publication.

Examples Journal Reference:
 Kavic MS. Three dimensional ultrasound. Surg Endosc. 1996;10:74-76.

Xu AA, Zhu JF, Zhang D. Development of a measurement system for laparoendoscopic single-site surgery: reliability and repeatability of digital image correlation for measurement of surface deformations in SILS port. JSLS. 2014;July-Sept 18(3):e2014.00267. DOI: 10.4293/JSLS.2014.00267.

Example Book Reference:
 Zinsser W. On Writing Well. 4th ed. New York, NY: Harper Collins; 1990.

Example Book Chapter Reference:
 Kavic MS. Infections in laparoscopic surgery. In: Wetter P, Kavic MS, Levinson CJ, et al, eds. Prevention and Management of Laparoendoscopic Surgical Complications. Miami, FL: Society of Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgeons, Inc; 2005:97-108.

Example Website Reference: (For journals and books published online, include the URL and the date on which the materials were accessed in addition to information in the examples above. For website references, include the name of the organization if no author is listed.)
(For journals: Society of Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgeons. ORReady – It’s the Outcome. Available at: Accessed September 18, 2014.

Example Preprint Reference: Babichev, S. A., Ries, J. & Lvovsky, A. I. Quantum scissors: teleportation of single-mode optical states by means of a nonlocal single photon. Preprint at

Statistical Analysis
JSLS follows the New England Journal of Medicine’s guidelines for statistical analysis. For more information, please see the following link:

Tables must be concise and self-explanatory. Reading the text should not be necessary for comprehension of the tables. Tables should not duplicate data provided in the text. Type tables at the end of the manuscript using tab stops (not spaces) or the Microsoft Word table feature. Image files are not acceptable. Title each table, cite each table in the text, and number each table consecutively with Arabic numerals. All abbreviations used in the table must be spelled out in a footnote to the table.

Figure Legends
 All photos, illustrations, and graphs must have figure legends of no more than 40 words. Legends must be typed at the end of the text. Each figure must be cited within the text (eg, Figure 1, Figure 2a, Figure 2b). The figure legends must be numbered to match. Figure files must be named and printed figures labeled with the figure number.

 FIGURES (Photographs, Charts, Illustrations, Diagnostic Images including Frames from Video)
 Figures should be professionally drawn, photographed, or computer generated and submitted in high-quality, camera-ready form with good resolution. Therefore, all artwork must have enough clarity and contrast to be reproduced in black and white. Identifying patient information must be cropped out or blocked out of the figures. Written permission to publish the image must be provided if the patient might be identified. Cite every figure within the text, and number each figure consecutively according to the order in which it has been cited in the text. The editor reserves the right to limit the number of figures or to reduce or enlarge figures.

Chart and graph axes and columns should be labeled; use a sans serif font. Any patterns that are used must be distinct from one another in black and white even if the figure is reduced in size. Rules (lines) must be thick enough to reproduce at 0.25 points when the image is scaled to a width of 3.5 inches.

X-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images as well as photomicrographs must be submitted as photographs. Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers.


  • Upload files with a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Line art should have a resolution of at least 1200dpi.
  • Do not copy figures directly from Web pages. GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) files and low-resolution JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) files are unacceptable.
  • Upload a separate file for each figure. Do not embed figures of any kind within the body of the text.
  • Use a common sans serif font to create flow charts and to label charts and graphs
  • Export charts, graphs, and digitally drawn illustrations as high- resolution image files (eg, TIFF, EPS, Press Quality PDF). Indicate the software and the version that was used to create the figure (eg, Illustrator 9.0)
  • Take photos at the highest resolution possible (high/fine) and upload copies of images in their original file format.
  • Scan figures as 300dpi TIFF files
  • For color images, artwork should be at 24-bit color depth, in CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black)


Review Articles

A review article surveys and summarizes previously published scientific studies or information. In general, a review article summarizes the current state of knowledge in the field rather that reporting new findings or advances. Authors of review articles should explain why the topic of the manuscript is important to the field. Scholarly review articles should be well referenced and should avoid anecdotal reports and personal opinions. The main arguments or points must proceed logically and coherently, and the manuscript must conclude with a discussion of recommendations and/or implications for the field.

Methodologies or Method Article:
Methodology articles should present new advances in method, test or procedure relevant to systematic review and evidence synthesis. The method described may be completely new or offer a better version of an existing method.


The editor invites brief letters that comment on articles published in the journal. The letters should not exceed 500 words in length, and should not contain any figures or tables. Up to three references may be listed. The letter must identify the paper by naming the authors and title of the article in the text of the letter. No letter will be published more than 6 months after the publication of the article to which it refers.

  1. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). ICMJE Recommendations. Available at:
  2. The CONSORT statement. Available at:

  3. Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.
  4. Ethics Resource Center (ERC). Available at:
  5. Winker MA, Flanagan A, Chi-Lum B, et al. Guidelines for medical and health information sites on the internet. JAMA 2000;283:1600-1606

  6. World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) Publication Ethics Policies for Medical Journals.
  7. Iverson C, Christiansen S, Flanagin, A, et al. AMA Manual of Style. A Guide for Authors and Editors. 10th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press,  2007.

  8. 64th World Medical Association General Assembly. WMA Declaration of Helsinki – Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. October 2013. Available at: